Editor’s Note — Coronavirus cases remain high across the globe. Health officials caution that travel increases your chances of getting and spreading the virus. Staying home is the best way to stem transmission. Below is information on what to know if you still plan to travel, last updated on April 6.
The United Kingdom has seen one of the highest number of deaths from Covid-19 in the world. Despite being the first country globally to start a vaccination scheme, the country experienced a deadly second wave over the winter months. A new variant, said to be much more infectious, was discovered in the UK, meaning that many countries canceled air links right before Christmas 2020.
All travelers entering the UK, including British citizens, must present a negative Covid test taken within 72 hours of arrival. This policy has been in place since January 18. Previously, the borders had been open with no test requirements.
England announced mandatory hotel quarantine for travelers arriving from countries on the “red list” from February 15.
Scotland announced plans for a “managed quarantine requirement” for travelers from all countries from February 15.
What’s on offer
In London, the UK has one of the world’s greatest cities. But beyond the architectural marvels and nightlife of the capital, there is much to explore — the rugged peaks of the Scottish Highlands, distant Welsh lakes and the wide sweep of Cornish beaches, for starters, plus historic towns and cities such as Bath, Oxford and Harrogate.
Who can go
All travelers entering the UK, including British citizens, must present a negative Covid test taken within 72 hours of arrival.
All visitors must quarantine for 10 days on arrival. Depending on country of origin, this will either take place at a hotel or at your place of residence. Even those testing negative will still need to quarantine. See below for more quarantine information.
Since February 15, all international arrivals to the UK have had to take another Covid test on day two and day eight of their quarantine.
The UK’s four nations have each implemented slightly different travel restrictions.
As mentioned, Scotland has also implemented a managed quarantine hotel system — but it’s for all arrivals, regardless of country of origin.
There are no international flights to Wales or Northern Ireland right now, travelers must transit through Scotland or England.
People traveling from banned countries to Northern Ireland must also first quarantine in a designated English hotel.
(The Republic of Ireland has entirely separate entrance regulations, which are enforced when crossing the land border.)
What are the restrictions?
Arrivals from countries not on the UK’s “red list” must still quarantine for 10 days. This may be completed at a residential address.
Other members of their household do not have to quarantine unless they’ve also just arrived in the UK, or someone in the household develops Covid symptoms or tests positive.
If travelers are coming from one of the countries on the restricted list, they will have to quarantine in a designated hotel at their own expense. For these travelers, Passenger Locator Forms will also include details of their quarantine and testing package.
British people arriving home from countries deemed “high risk” — including South Africa and South American nations — must undergo the 10-day hotel quarantine at their own expense. Portugal and Mauritius — which have been on the list for some time — were removed on March 19.
Non-UK residents from “red list” countries will be refused entry.
British citizens and permanent residents will be picked up straight from the airport and transferred to government-provided accommodation where they will begin their mandatory stay.
Before arriving in the UK, these travelers must purchase what the UK government calls a “quarantine package,” covering the stay in hotel quarantine and food and drink while there.
The charge for a single adult is £1,750.
If you try and dodge quarantine, fines will range from £5,000 rising to £10,000.
The Scottish government announced on February 9 that six hotels have been contracted so far, totaling 1,300 rooms. The hotels are all located near to to Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow airports.
A “test to release” scheme came into force in England on December 15, allowing travelers to take a PCR test after five days’ quarantine and then go out into the community on the receipt of a negative result (although they must wait to receive the results before leaving their lodgings).
Travelers arriving from the “red list” countries and staying in a quarantine hotel are not eligible for Test to Release.
Travelers to Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland also cannot take advantage of the scheme.
Travel between the four countries of the UK is also restricted. The Welsh government has prohibited travel to Northern Ireland and high risk areas of England and Scotland. Travel between Scotland’s high alert areas and the rest of the UK is prohibited unless travelers have a reasonable reason.
As part of the UK’s Covid-19 response roadmap, a Global Travel Taskforce will report findings on April 12.
The group, which met for the first time on March 2, will work directly with travel sector representatives to give “recommendations aimed at facilitating a return to international travel as soon as possible.”
The roadmap says the UK government will assess the taskforce’s findings to decide when international travel should resume, but that it’ll be no earlier than May 17.
This law is set to be in place until June 30, suggesting non-essential travel out of the UK could be banned for another three months.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said on April 5 the government was “hopeful” international travel will resume from May 17 — but that he doesn’t wish to “underestimate the difficulties that we’re seeing in some of the destination countries that people might want to go to.”
“We don’t want to see the virus being reimported into this country from abroad,” he added.
In a review to the roadmap published April 5, the UK government also announced plans for a risk-based “traffic light” system to guide the return of non-essential international travel.
While some countries would remain in the “red” category and arrivals would be subject to quarantine, this system would allow other countries with high vaccination and low case rates, to be placed in a “green” category.
“It is too early to say which countries will be on the green list when non-essential international travel resumes. These decisions will be driven by the data and evidence nearer the time, which we cannot predict now,” reads the review.
What’s the Covid situation?
The UK was the world’s first country to begin a vaccination program, which has lessened the burden on the National Health Service.
There have been over 4,300,000 Covid cases in the UK as of April 6.
After an initial UK-wide lockdown in spring 2020 in response to the first wave of Covid-19, for the second wave, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland developed their own region-specific measures.
The announcement of a new variant of Covid-19 right before Christmas led cases in the UK to rise quickly, with many hospitals becoming over capacity. Mayor of London Sadiq Khan declared a “major incident” on January 8.
Over 36 million people have had their first vaccination in the UK as of April 6, with 8% of the population fully vaccinated.
What can visitors expect?
On January 4, England entered its third national lockdown, which lasted for three months.
All nonessential shops were closed. Schools were largely shut. Social contact was curtailed, although preformed support bubbles could meet.
People were only allowed to leave the house for essential reasons, such as outdoor exercise with one other person, or visiting a place of worship.
England has successfully passed the first and second step. Since March 8, schools have been open and people have been able to arrange a social meet-up outside in a park with one other person.
As of March 29, outdoor gatherings of six people or two households are now permitted. England’s Stay at Home order has also formally ended, although strict restrictions remain. Swimming pools and tennis courts have reopened, and outdoors sports can recommence.
Restaurants are still closed, aside from for takeaway food. Inside meetings between households are not permitted.
The next step is scheduled for April 12, when non-essential retail will open up. England’s restaurants, bars, museums and theme parks will also reopen their doors on this date. But if you’re visiting a restaurant or bar with people outside your household, you’ll have to sit outside.
While international travel will remain off limits, UK residents will be able to stay overnight elsewhere in the country (with their own household) in self-contained accommodation, such as private holiday lets.
The hope is by May 17, hotels, hostels and B&Bs will reopen. Pubs and restaurants will be allowed to serve customers indoors, although customers must only gather groups of six or less. In parks or private gardens, up to 30 people can gather together.
June 21 is scheduled as the point when people in England may return to more of a pre-pandemic life — with nightclubs potentially reopening, and larger events returning — although it’s all subject to change and worth keeping an eye on updates.
Wales has also been in lockdown for the past few months. The rules were largely the same as England, but you could not mix with anyone outside your household.
Schools and hairdressers reopened on March 15.
Wales recommenced non-essential retail on March 22 and reopened self-contained holiday accommodation for one household on March 27.
Since March 27, six people from two households in Wales can eet outdoors. Some Welsh outdoor attractions have reopened. Travel outside of Wales without a reasonable excuse is still forbidden.
Regular level 4 is also essentially a stay at home order, with nonessential shops closed.
All islands except for Skye, Bute, Arran and Gigha remain in level 3. Travel in and out of the area is banned, and restaurants are open until 6 p.m. but must not serve alcohol.
The aim is that by April 26 that the Scottish government will lift all restrictions on journeys within mainland Scotland.
On this date, museums, galleries and tourism accommodation should be able to reopen and restaurants will reopen outdoors for alcohol service, and potentially open indoors for non-alcohol service. Up to four people from two households should be able to socialize indoors in a public place — like a cafe or bar — and six people from up to three households should be able to meet outside, in a park, for example.
Scotland’s islands may see “a faster return to more socializing and hospitality” according to a statement from the Scottish Government.
Northern Ireland entered a six-week lockdown on December 26. That lockdown was extended until April 1. All nonessential shops are closed, and restaurants are open for takeaway and delivery only. Liquor stores must close at 8 p.m.
From April 1, up to six people in Northern Ireland from two households can meet outside in a garden or public place. From April 12, this will be upped to 10 people.
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CNN’s Julia Buckley and Francesca Street contributed to this report