Moment three venomous cobras tangle themselves around a tree after being released in India [Video]


What is the king cobra?

The king cobra—one of the most venomous snakes on the planet—can literally ‘stand up’ and look a full-grown person in the eye. 

When confronted, they can lift up to a third of its body off the ground and still move forward to attack.

Fortunately, king cobras are shy and will avoid humans whenever possible. It will also flare out its iconic hood and emit a hiss that sounds almost like a growling dog.

King cobras can reach 18 feet in length, making them the longest of all venomous snakes.

Venom 

Their venom is not the most potent among venomous snakes, but the amount of neurotoxin they can deliver in a single bite—up to two-tenths of a fluid ounce—is enough to kill 20 people, or even an elephant. 

King cobra venom affects the respiratory centers in the brain, causing respiratory arrest and cardiac failure.

Habitat and behavior

King cobras live mainly in the rain forests and plains of India, southern China, and Southeast Asia, and their colouring can vary greatly from region to region. 

They are comfortable in a variety of habitats, including forests, bamboo thickets, mangrove swamps, high-altitude grasslands, and in rivers.

This species feeds mainly on other snakes, venomous and nonvenomous. They will also eat lizards, eggs, and small mammals. 

They are the only snakes in the world that build nests for their eggs, which they guard ferociously until the hatchlings emerge.

Threats to survival 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed the king cobra as vulnerable to extinction. 

These snakes face a variety of threats stemming from human activities. 

Heavy deforestation in Southeast Asia has destroyed  the habitats of many king cobras, while they are also harvested in large numbers for skin, food, and medicinal purposes. 

They are also collected for the international pet trade. King cobras are also persecuted by humans who fear their menacing reputation.

Source: National Geographic



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Written by bourbiza

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