The vote was 428-1. Republican Thomas Massie of Kentucky was the only member to vote against it.
The measure will also impose sanctions on “those responsible for human rights violations there,” the bill’s summary states.
Under the legislation, new restrictions will be placed on imports from Xinjiang by US Customs and Border Protection to ensure that goods produced through forced labor by Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and members of other minority groups will not be purchased or sold in the US.
The legislation requires President Joe Biden to provide a list of individuals responsible for forced labor of these groups, including “any official of the government of the People’s Republic of China,” and to impose economic sanctions on them, the House version of the bill states. The measure will further prevent individuals identified as responsible for these human rights abuses from getting visas or admission to the US.
The bill, known as the Uyghur Forced Labor Relations Act, passed the Senate in July and had not been taken up in the House until this week.
Rubio’s amendment could not be added to the Senate version of the defense legislation, because of a procedural issue where bills that involve raising revenue must originate in the House.
“Now, going back to the broader issue, everyone here is in favor of this bill, and everyone here is against slave labor of Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang, and the only impediment is some House rule because this theoretically raises revenue, which it doesn’t, then they should just pass the House version of the bill and send it here,” Rubio told reporters last week.
Ultimately, a provision regarding Uyghurs was also added to the defense bill. The provision prevents Department of Defense funds from being used to buy any “products mined, produced or manufactured wholly or in part by forced labor” in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China, the bill states.